Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.) terhadap Peningkatan Zona Hambat Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus

Linda Putri Utami, Peter Gunawan Tandean, Liliawanti Liliawanti

Abstract


The prevalence of infectious diseases in Indonesia is still relatively high, for example Infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Indonesia has many traditional plants that can be used for herbal treatments containing tannins, flavonoids, and essential oils which have relatively high antibacterial activity by forming inhibitory zones in the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria which are the cause of skin infections food poisoning to systemic infections. Thereforekencur can be used as an alternative medicine. This study was intented to determine the effect of giving kencur extract (Kaempferia galanga L.) In inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This study was experimental laboratory used plate diffusion method of “Postest Ony Control Group Design” design. There were 7 groups, 5 treatment groups and 2 control groups. The concentration of treatment group was 100%, 50%, 25%, 12,5%, 6,25% while for positive control using amoxicillin 25μg and aquadest as negative control. The bacterial used were Staphylococcus aureus. The results showed that kencur extract (Kaempferia galanga L.) had an antibacterial effect in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.With a value of p = 0.001 or p <α. kencur extract (Kaempferia galanga L.) has an antibacterial effect in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.


Keywords


Staphylococcus aureus; kencur; antibakteri

Full Text:

PDF

References


Elisa N, 2010. Pengaruh Pemberian Madu terhadap Bakteri staphylococcus aureus dan Escherichia coli. Skripsi. Universitas Islam Negeri, Jakarta.

Fajeriyati N dan Andika A, 2017. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Rimpang Kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.) pada Bakteri Bacillus subtilis dan Escherichia coli. Journal of Currenr Pharmaceutical Science. 1(1): 36–41.

Haerazi A, Jekti DSD, and Andayani Y, 2014. Uji Ktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus Aureus dan Streptococcus Viridans. Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi “Bios Cie Ntist”. 2(1): 1–11.

Hasanah, 2011. Analisis Kandungan Minyak Atsiri dan Uji Aktivitas Antiinflamasi Ekstrak Rimpang Kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.). Jurnal Matematika & Sains. 16(3): 147–152.

Inayatullah S, 2012. Efek Ekstrak Daun Sirih Hijau (Piper Betle L.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus. Skripsi. Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Universitas Islam Negeri, Jakarta.

Kumar A, 2014, Chemical Composition of Essential Oil Isolated from the Rhizomes of Kaempferia galanga L. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 5(1): 225-231.

Muhafidzah, 2010. Aktivitas Antioksidan Fraksi Rimpang Kencur (Kaempferia rhizoma) Dengan Menggunakan Metode Peredaman 1,1 Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) Zahrah. 10(1): 44–50.

MuhAnshar J, Darmawati S, and Dewi SS,, 2017. Ekstrak Daun Bayam Duri (Amaratus Spinosus) terhadap Daya Hambat Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus dan Staphylococcus epidermidis. Skripsi. Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan Universitas Muhhamadiyah Semarang, Semarang.

Sari IK, 2017. Uji Efektifitas Antibiofilm Katekin Gambir (uncaria gambir) terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus Penghasil Biofilm. Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran Univesitas Andalas, Padang.

Prabawati TD, Pujimulyani, 2018. Pengaruh Penambahan Ekstrak Kencur (Kaempferia galanga) terhadap Warna, Aktivitas Antiolskidan, dan Tingkat Kesukaan Minuman Instan Kunir Putih (Curcuma mangga val). Seminar Nasional Inovasi Produk Pangan Lokal untuk Mendukung Ketahanan Pangan Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta.

Primawati SN, and Jannah H, 2019. Pengaruh Metode Ekstraksi Kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Staphylococcus aureus. Bioscientist : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi. 7(2): 177.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30742/jikw.v9i2.883

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Linda Putri Utami, Peter Gunawan Tandean, Liliawanti Liliawanti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

garuda

Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma 

ISSN: 1978-2071(print); 2580-5967 (online)
 
Published by the Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM) of University of Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya.
Surabaya, Indonesia
 
Creative Commons License
All publications by Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
 
web
counter View My Stats