THE EXISTING POLICY ON PROSTITUTION IN INDONESIA: A RETROSPECTIVE EVALUATION

Mohammad Suud

Abstract


This paper presents the policy on prostitution existing in the last ten years of the period of the New Order Regime. By using qualitative analysis, in the frame of rationality and coherence, author describes of the policy on prostitution and its results. The practice that was done by the government to tackle the prostitutes tended to be unjust, while the implication of the Indonesian Criminal Codeas the one of the national law saved a discrimination. The spirit of the law saved a moral weakness to endorse the creation of good life for Indonesian having the way of life Pancasila. Linked  to the policy, the government tended frontally to tackle the prostitutes. As the policy made by the government was based on unhistorical and unsubstantial views, the governmental  intervention to them has been more bringing problems than solutions. The inconsistency of the local governtments in managing the localization of prostitutes has compounded the problem. The governmental policy could not grasp the goals: rehabilitation and resosialization. The policy has empowered the institutionalization of prostitution and pimps. The government has been tacitly the institution of serving pimps. 

Key words: policy, prostitution, pimps


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adrina, et al. (1998) Hak-Hak Reproduksi Perempuan yang Terpasung. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Black, John (1997) Dictionary of Economics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Blackburn, Simon(1996) Dictionary of Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bureau of Law Social Department, (1983) Himpunan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan Kesejahteraan Social. Surabaya: Social Department.

Davis, Nanette J. (1993) ‘Introduction. International Perspective on Female Prostitution’, in Nanette J. Davis (ed.), Prostitution: An International Handbook on Trends, Problems, and Policies. London: Greenwood Press.

Encyclopaedia Britannica (1975) The New Encyclopaedia Britanica. London: Helen Hemingway Benton, Publisher.

ESCAP (1985) ‘Report of the Workshop of Experts on Prevention and Rehabilitation Schemes for Young Women in Prostitution and Related Occupation, report represented at the Workshop, UN/ESCAP, Bangkok, 17-21 June.

Heineman, Robert A., et al. (1997) The World of the Policy Analyst. New Jersey: Chatam House Publisher, Inc.

Hull, Terence H. et al. (1997) Pelacuran di Indonesia. Sejarah dan Perkembangannya. Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Jones, Gavin W., et al. (1998) ‘Prostitution in Indonesia’, in Lim, Lin Leam (ed.) The Sex Sector. The Economic and Social Bases of Prostitution in Southeast Asia. Geneva: International Labour Office.

Laswell, Harold D. (1968) ‘The Policy Sciences’ in Encyclopedia of the Social Science. New York: McMillan/Free Press.

Lim, Lin Leam (1998) The Sex Sector. The Economic and Social Bases of Prostitution in Southeast Asia. Geneva: International Labour Office.

Manning, Christ (1988) The Green Revolution, Employment Economic Change in Rural Java: A Reassessment of Trends under the New Order. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Study.

MPR RI (2012) Panduan Pemasyarakatan Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945 dan Ketetapan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal MPR RI.

Mu’thi, Abdul (1965) ‘Sedikit tentang Hukum Perzinahan’, Gema Islam, 4(79-80):13-16.

Murray, Alison J. (1991) No Money No Honey. Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Nutt P C and R W Backoff (1992) Strategic Management of Public and Third Sector Organization. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publisher.

Scambler, Graham and Annette Scambler (1997) Rethinking Prostitution. London: Routledge.

Sedyaningsih-Mamahit, Endang R. (1999) Perempuan Perempuan Kramat Tunggak. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Soedarjanto, et al (1996) Indonesia 1996. An Official Handbook. Jakarta: Department of Information.

Sumarnonugroho, T. (1991) Sistem Intervensi Kesejahteraan Sosial. Yogyakarta: PT. Prasetya Widya Pratama

Truong, Thanh-Dam (1986) ‘Virtue, Order, Health and Money: Towards A Comprehensive Perspective on Female Prostitution in ASIA’, paper presented at the Workshop of Experts on Prevention and Rehabilitation Schemes for Young Women in Prostitution and Related Occupation. Institute of Social Studies, Bangkok, 17-21 June 1985.

Truong, Thanh-Dam (1988) Sex, Money and Morality. The Political Economy of Prostitution and Tourism in South East Asia. London: Zed Books

Umiyono, et al., (1992) Lokalisasi dan Hukum: Suatu Tinjauan Yuridis terhadap Praktek Bertahannya Pelacuran di DKI Jakarta. Jakarta: Badan Epidemologi National, Pusat Penelitian Kesehatan, Universitas Indonesia.

News Papers and Magazines:

Kompas, December 10th, 1999:http://www.kompas.com

Kompas, December 8th, 1999:http://www.kompas.com

Kompas, May 13th, 1996:http://www.kompas.com

Sinar, July 25th, 1994.

Tempo, July 25th, 1992.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30742/jus.v2i1.607

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Sociology Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya
Jl Dukuh Kupang XXV/54 Surabaya, Eas Jawa, Indonesia.
Phone. (031) 5677577. Fax (031) 5679791
Homepage: http://journal.uwks.ac.id/index.php/sosiologi/index
email: urbansociology@uwks.ac.id

ISSN 2620-5211 (Printed)
ISSN 2656-3339 (Online)
_________________________________________________________