The effectiveness of laugh therapy to decrease depression level in the elderly at Griya Usila st. Yosep Surabaya and panti werdha Bhakti Luhur Sidoarjo

Trifonia Sri Nurwela, Marlina S Mahajudin, Sri Adiningsih

Abstract


The aging process is a natural process where an elderly experiences the changing biological, cognitive, psychological, and spiritual. Those chances influence the elderly health in both biological and psychological including the chance or mental health disorders towards an elderly which influences the quality of life such as mood disorder and depression. The managing of depression in the elderly could be done by laugh therapy.  Laugh therapy is a therapy method by utilizing laugh in order to assist each person to reduce a problem in both physical disorder and mental disorder. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of laugh therapy on the decreasing of depression level for elderly. It included quasi- experimental study was condected at Griya Usila St. Yosef and in Werdha Bhakti Luhur House in  Sidoarjo by utilizing non randomized control pretest posttest design. The sample used in this research the inclusion criteria was 35 people which were divided into treatment group and control group. The treatment group was 19 people and control group was 16 people. The elderly in Griya Usila St. Yosef was as treatment group and the elderly in Panti Wedha Bhakti Luhur was as control group. Both groups performed pretest and postet at the same time to determine the level depression using by Geriatric Depression Scale/GDS. Mann Whitney Test results z = -5.105  and p = 0.000 There are significant differences in changes in the level of depression in the treated.Mann Whitney Test to test the difference in value of the Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS) z = -4.368 and p = 0.000 that was significant differences in the difference in the value of the GDS between the treated group and control group. Laughter therapy is effective in lowering the rate of depression in the elderly. The conclusion is the laugh therapy is effective in reducing the depression level in the elderly at Griya Usila St. Yosef Surabaya and Panti Werdha Luhur Sidoarjo


Keywords


Elderly; depression; laugh therapy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azizah, L. M. Keperawatan Lanjut Usia. 2011. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Nugroho, W. Keperawatan Gerontik. Edisi 2. 2014. Jakarta: EGC.

Departemen Kesehatan RI. Sehat Dan Aktif Di Usia Lanjut. 2012.

Amir N. Depresi,Askep Neurobiologi Diagnosis dan Tatalaksana. 2005. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI

Yosep I. Keperawatan Jiwa. Edisi Revisi. 2014. Bandung : Hibbert, Allison Refika Aditama

Rini. J. Pensiun dan Pengaruhnya. 2001. e-psikologi.com. Disitasi 18 Januari 2015

Kaplan, H.I., Sadock, B.J., and Grebb, J.A. Sinopsis Psikiatri : Ilmu Pengetahuan Perilaku Psikiatri Klinis. Jilid Dua. Editor : Dr. I. Made Wiguna S. 2010. Jakarta : Bina Rupa Aksara

Kataria. Laugh For No Reason (Terapi Tawa). 2004. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Beck A. Deppression: Clinical, Experimental, and Theoritical Aspects. 1967. Philadephia : University of pennsylvania Press

Corey G. Teori dan Praktek dari Konseling dan Psikoterapi. Edisi 4. 1990. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press

Anggun dan Nurtjahjanti. H., Pengaruh Penerapan Terapi Tawa Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Stres Kerja Pada Pegawai Kereta Api, Jurnal Psikologi Undip. 2001. 10(2) : 18-32

Takeda M. Laughter and Humor as Complementary and Alternative Medicines for Dementia patiens. 2010. Osaka : Journal BMC Medicine

Cassilhal R.C. Resistance Exercise Improves Hippocampus-dependent memory”. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological research. 2012. 45 (12) : 1215-1220

Dumbre S. Laughter Therapi. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientitic Inovation Org. 2012 : 23-24

Kuntjoro. Depresi Pada Lanjut Usia. 2002. http://www.e-Psikologi.com. Di Sitasi 17 Januari 2015

Blackburn M. IVY& Kate D. Terapi Kognitif untuk Depresi dan Kecemasan. Cetakan Pertama. Editor: Dra.Rusda Koto Sutadi. 1994. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press

Friedman,Marlilyn M. Buku Ajar Keperawatn Keluarga: Riset, teori & Praktik. Edisi 5. 2010.Jakarta: EGC

Setyoadi,K. Terapi Modalitas Keperawatan pada Klien Psikogeriatri. 2011. Jakarta: Salemba Medika

Watson, R. Perawatan pada Lansia. 2003. Jakarta : EGC

Townsend M,C. Diagnosa Keperawatan Pada Keperawatan Psikiatri. Edisi 3. Alih Bahasa Novy Helena. 1998. Jakarta : EGC

Olivia. F dan Noverina A. Menyeimbaingi Otak Kiri Dan Otak Kanan Dengan Tertawa. 2010. Jakarta : Alex Media Komputindo




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30742/jikw.v4i1.20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Trifonia Sri Nurwela, Marlina S Mahajudin, Sri Adiningsih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

garuda

Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma 

ISSN: 1978-2071(print); 2580-5967 (online)
 
Published by the Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM) of University of Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya.
Surabaya, Indonesia
 
Creative Commons License
All publications by Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
 
web
counter View My Stats