Induction of interleukin-6 trigger an apoptosis through IL-17 and stat3 pathway that alleviated by phycocyanin treatment

Elizabeth Haryanti, Harry K Gondo

Abstract


This study was to analyze the optimum dose of IL-6 induction in pregnant rats that could trigger an increase in mean arterial pressure and protein as two symptoms of preeclampsia. A total of 25 pregnant rats was divided into 5 groups, including pregnant rats the control group (without induction of IL-6), a group of pregnant rats were given an induction in IL-6 doses of 1.25 ng/day, a group of pregnant rats given doses of IL-6 induction 2.5 ng/day, a group of pregnant rats were given an induction of IL-6 doses of 5 ng/day, and groups of pregnant rats were given an induction in IL-6 doses of 10 ng/day. Induction of IL-6 was performed on the tenth day of gestation for 5 days. The expression of caspase-3, IL-17, and STAT3 were analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The expression of caspase-3, IL-17 and STAT3 was significantly higher in preeclampsia group than the control group (p<0.05). The expression of caspase-3 decreased significantly in all groups were treated by phycocyanin compared to the preeclamptic group (p<0.05), but has not been able to reach expression comparable to the control group (p<0.05). Expression of IL-17 decreased significantly in the group given the two highest doses of phycocyanin compared to the preeclampsia group (p<0.05). STAT3 expression decreased significantly in all groups were treatedby phycocyanin compared to the preeclamptic group (p<0.05), reached expression comparable to the control group in the group received phycocyanin at doses of 10 and 20 ng (p> 0.05). In conclusion, IL-6 on pregnant rats were able to increase apoptosis through IL-17 and STAT pathway. Inhibition of apoptosis due to phycoyanin treatment not only involve the formation of IL-17, this data is found in phycocyanin doses of 10 and 20 ng.


Keywords


preeclampsia model;apoptosis;IL-17; STAT3; rats

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30742/jikw.v5i2.337

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Copyright (c) 2016 Elizabeth Haryanti, Harry K Gondo

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Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma 

ISSN: 1978-2071(print); 2580-5967 (online)
 
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